Everything You Need to Know about a Memorandum of Sale

Understanding a Memorandum of Sale

A Memorandum of Sale, often abbreviated as MoS, is an essential document in the process of buying or selling property in the UK. It acts as written confirmation of the agreement reached between the buyer and the seller. This document includes the agreed price, property details, and both parties’ solicitor information.

Memorandum of Sale

The Importance of a Memorandum of Sale

The MoS plays a critical role in property transactions. The primary reason for this is that it outlines all relevant details agreed upon by the buyer and the seller, acting as a form of record and communication tool. Here are some reasons why an MoS is crucial in the property market:

Ensures Transparency

The MoS ensures transparency between all parties involved in the transaction, including the buyer, seller, and their respective solicitors. This document lays out the agreed terms and conditions in writing, preventing misunderstandings and disputes.

Serves as a Reference Point

Throughout the property transaction process, the MoS serves as a point of reference. Solicitors or conveyancers can use it to verify agreed terms and to structure the legal proceedings accordingly.

Facilitates Faster Conveyancing

The MoS helps to speed up the conveyancing process. It provides the solicitors with all the necessary details required to draft contracts and carry out other legal requirements, thereby saving time.

Key Components of a Memorandum of Sale

An MoS generally comprises several components. Each element plays a specific role in ensuring that the document is comprehensive and serves its intended purpose. Here are the critical elements that make up a standard MoS:

Parties Involved

The MoS should state the full names and contact details of both the buyer and the seller. This section also includes the details of their respective solicitors or conveyancers.

Property Details

The document should provide a complete description of the property in question. This includes the full address, type of property (e.g., detached, semi-detached, flat, etc.), and any unique features.

Agreed Price

The MoS should clearly state the agreed price of the property. This is usually the price at which the buyer has agreed to buy and the seller to sell.

Date of Agreement

The date on which the buyer and seller agreed to the sale is also part of the MoS.

MoS: A Legally Binding Document?

It is crucial to clarify that while the MoS is an integral part of the property transaction process, it is not a legally binding document. The only binding document in a property transaction is the contract of sale, which is exchanged during the conveyancing process. Until the exchange of contracts, either the buyer or seller can withdraw from the transaction without legal consequences.

The MoS, while not legally enforceable, acts as a moral agreement between both parties, with the intention that they will proceed with the transaction on the terms set out in the document.

The Role of Estate Agents

Estate agents, such as Rightmove, have a significant role to play in preparing the MoS. Once the buyer and seller have agreed on the property’s price and terms, the estate agent drafts the MoS. The drafted document is then sent to both parties and their respective solicitors.

MoS Challenges and Solutions

Although the MoS is generally straightforward, it can sometimes encounter challenges. For instance, changes in the agreed terms post-MoS issuance can create complications, potentially delaying the conveyancing process.

For instance, suppose a buyer discovers significant issues with the property during a survey. In this case, they might want to negotiate a lower price or ask the seller to rectify the problem before proceeding with the sale. These changes would necessitate the creation of a new MoS, leading to a possible delay.

Here are some potential solutions to help navigate these challenges:

Meticulous Property Inspection

Prospective buyers should carry out meticulous inspections, including professional surveys, before agreeing to a purchase. This approach can help identify potential issues early and mitigate the need for renegotiation after the MoS has been issued.

Open Communication

Keeping the lines of communication open can help address any issues that arise during the conveyancing process. For instance, if a buyer discovers an issue during the survey, they should communicate this to the seller promptly and work collaboratively to find a solution. Similarly, if a seller finds they need to change something in the agreed terms, they should communicate this to the buyer as soon as possible.

Professional Guidance

Engaging a solicitor or conveyancer can be beneficial in navigating the complexities of property transactions. Legal professionals with experience in property law can offer advice and guidance, ensuring that all parties are well-informed throughout the process.

Examples of Memorandum of Sale

Given the importance of the MoS, it can be useful to see some examples to understand the standard layout and content. Please note that these examples are for illustrative purposes only and may not be fully comprehensive. For a full MoS document, seek advice from a legal professional or an estate agent.

Example 1:

Buyer: Mr. John Smith
Buyer's Solicitor: Mrs. Jane Doe, ABC Law Firm
Seller: Mrs. Emily Brown
Seller's Solicitor: Mr. Richard White, XYZ Law Firm
Property: 123 High Street, London, NW1 5BB
Agreed Price: £350,000
Date of Agreement: 1st June 2023

Example 2:

Buyer: Ms. Olivia Green
Buyer's Solicitor: Mr. William Black, DEF Law Firm
Seller: Mr. Benjamin Blue
Seller's Solicitor: Mrs. Grace Violet, GHI Law Firm
Property: 456 Low Street, Manchester, M1 2AB
Agreed Price: £200,000
Date of Agreement: 15th June 2023

Free Example Memorandum of Sale template

It’s always best to consult a legal professional or trusted estate agent to ensure your MoS meets all your specific needs.

Memorandum of Sale

Property Details

Address: ________________________________________________________
Type of Property: _______________________________________________
Unique Features (if any): ________________________________________


Details of the Seller

Name: __________________________________________________________
Contact Information: ____________________________________________
Solicitor’s Name: _______________________________________________
Solicitor’s Contact Information: _________________________________


Details of the Buyer

Name: __________________________________________________________
Contact Information: ____________________________________________
Solicitor’s Name: _______________________________________________
Solicitor’s Contact Information: _________________________________

Agreed Price and Date of Agreement


Agreed Price (£): _______________________________________________
Date of Agreement: ______________________________________________


Additional Agreements (if any)



Seller’s Signature: _____________________________________________
Date: ___________________________________________________________
Buyer’s Signature: ______________________________________________
Date: ___________________________________________________________


This template should give you a head start in creating your own Memorandum of Sale. Just replace the lines with the relevant details.


In summary, the Memorandum of Sale is a crucial document in the UK property market. Although not legally binding, it serves as written confirmation of the agreement reached between the buyer and the seller and facilitates the conveyancing process. Being well-informed about the MoS and its implications can contribute significantly to a smooth and successful property transaction. However, given the potential complexities and challenges associated with this document, it is advisable to seek guidance from legal professionals or trusted estate agents.